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political coo meaning

[75], According to a 2020 study, coups increase the cost of borrowing and increase the likelihood of sovereign default. Although the concept of a coup d'état has featured in politics since antiquity, the phrase is of relatively recent coinage;[7] the Oxford English Dictionary identifies it as a French expression meaning a "stroke of state". ", "Why Turkey's coup failed, according to an expert", "Not all dictators are equal: Coups, fraudulent elections, and the selective targeting of democratic sanctions", "Twenty Years Later: The Tajik Civil War And Its Aftermath". Political system, the set of formal legal institutions that constitute a “government” or a “ state.”This is the definition adopted by many studies of the legal or constitutional arrangements of advanced political orders. A response to Miller (2016)", "Democratic versus Authoritarian Coups: The Influence of External Actors on States' Postcoup Political Trajectories", "Is the overthrow of a democratically elected government ever justified? [1] They find that coups have "been most common in Africa and the Americas (36.5% and 31.9%, respectively). [45], In autocracies, the frequency of coups seems to be affected by the succession rules in place, with monarchies with a fixed succession rule being much less plagued by instability than less institutionalized autocracies. [8] What may be its first published use within a text composed in English is an editor's note in the London Morning Chronicle, 7 January 1802, reporting the arrest by Napoleon in France, of Moreau, Berthier, Masséna, and Bernadotte: "There was a report in circulation yesterday of a sort of coup d'état having taken place in France, in consequence of some formidable conspiracy against the existing government. winning that big contract was a real coup Recent Examples on the Web: Noun Edwards is one of the best running backs to come from Michigan since the beginning of the recruiting rankings era and would be a coup … [70], The international community tends to react adversely to coups by reducing aid and imposing sanctions. An example of a coup is when you make a big sale. politics meaning: 1. the activities of the government, members of law-making organizations, or people who try to…. "[41] The study argues that states which have onshore oil wealth tend to build up their military to protect the oil, whereas states do not do that for offshore oil wealth. [49] Research shows that some coup-proofing strategies reduce the risk of coups occurring. A coup d'etat is the sudden, often violent overthrow of an existing government by a small group. [citation needed]A rebellion originates from a sentiment of indignation and disapproval of a situation and then manifests itself by the refusal to submit or to obey the authority responsible for this situation. [20] Democracies were installed in the wake of 12% of Cold War coups and 40% of post-Cold War coups.[20]. Jarring:Incongruous, doesn’t seem to fit, seems out of place. Europe has experienced by far the fewest coup attempts: 2.6%. It's French and refers to the sudden overthrow of a government. During periods of economic expansion, elections reduced the likelihood of coup attempts, whereas elections during economic crises increased the likelihood of coup attempts. info); French: [ku deta], literally "blow of state"; plural: coups d'état, pronounced like the singular form; also known simply as an overthrow, takeover, or putsch) is the removal of an existing government from power, usually through violent means. These phenomena, sometimes called "coups with adjectives", include:[16], The question of which term, if any, is applicable to a given political event can be a subjective matter, and carries normative, analytical, and political implications. To prevent such a desperate counter-coup that may be more successful than the initial attempt, governments usually resort to firing prominent officers and replacing them with loyalists instead. [42], A 2019 study found that states that had recently signed civil war peace agreements were much more likely to experience coups, in particular when those agreements contained provisions that jeopardized the interests of the military. [50][51] However, coup-proofing reduces military effectiveness,[52][53][54] and limits the rents that an incumbent can extract. | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples [72] A third 2015 study finds that Western states react strongest against coups of possible democratic and human rights abuses. [1] Many scholars consider a coup d'état successful when the usurpers seize and hold power for at least seven days. The coup d'état (called golpe de estado in Spanish) was more common in Spain and South America, while the pronunciamiento was more common in Central America and Mexico. [69], According to a 2019 study, coup attempts lead to a reduction in physical integrity rights. 's alike. [26], The cumulative number of coups is a strong predictor of future coups. Dog litter: Mess left by a dog. A 2017 study finds that the use of state broadcasting by the putschist regime after Mali's 2012 coup did not elevate explicit approval for the regime. [1] From 1950–2010, a majority of coups failed in the Middle East and Latin America. Reactionary: A militant conservative; opposite of "radical," which means ultraliberal. See more. Agitated racist who masks their racism with opposition to progressive governmental policy and believes that political disturbances and threats/delivery of domestic terrorism is an appropriate approach to achieving political change. Specific military garrisons are the sparking factor for a larger military revolt against the government. All this confusion, seen by the moon's light, presented a striking coup d'oeil; the half shadow enlarged every detail, and the light, that flatterer which only attaches itself to the polished side of things, courted upon each rusty musket the point still left intact, and upon every rag of canvas the whitest and least sullied part. [19] A 2016 study found that democracies were installed in 12% of Cold War coups and 40% of the post-Cold War coups. [20] A 2020 study found that coups tended to lead to increases in state repression, not reductions. It refers to the open resistance against the orders of an established authority. Under the standard definition in political science, a coup attempt involves an illegal, overt effort by civilian or military elites to remove a sitting executive from power. Contrary to what Speaker … Political economists study how economic theories such as capitalism, socialism, and communism work in the real world.At its root, any economic … An example of a coup is when rebels overthrow the government. [72] A 2016 study shows that the international donor community in the post-Cold War period penalizes coups by reducing foreign aid. [38][39], A 2018 study found that coup attempts were less likely in states where the militaries derived significant incomes from peacekeeping missions. For other uses, see, Current leaders who assumed power via coups. To run something: To be in charge of something, leader, owner. Used by inmates, and C.O. Among certain Native American peoples, a feat of bravery performed in battle, especially the touching of an enemy's body without causing injury. Noun It was a major coup when they got the Vice President to appear on their show for an interview. A sudden appropriation of leadership or power; a takeover. [10][11][12], Other recent and notable unsuccessful minority reactionary coups that are often referred to as Putsches are the 1923 Beer Hall Putsch and Küstrin Putsch, the 1961 Algiers Putsch and the 1991 August Putsch. A 2015 study finds that "coups against democracies, coups after the Cold War, and coups in states heavily integrated into the international community are all more likely to elicit global reaction. The word political comes from the Greek word polis which means city or state and is close in meaning to the Latin res publica which became republic. [56] Succession rules are believed to hamper coordination efforts among coup plotters by assuaging elites who have more to gain by patience than by plotting. The responsibilities of the role may differ across organizations. If it starts the mass killing of elements of the army, including officers who were not involved in the coup, this may trigger a "counter-coup" by soldiers who are afraid they will be next. The imperative of developing a strong army puts dictators in a paradoxical situation: to compete with a rival state, they must empower the very agency—the military—that is most likely to threaten their own survival in office. According to a 2020 study, "external reactions to coups play important roles in whether coup leaders move toward authoritarianism or democratic governance. ", In British Propaganda, the phrase came to be used to describe the various murders by Napoleon's alleged secret police, the Gens d'Armes d'Elite, who executed the Duke of Enghien: "the actors in torture, the distributors of the poisoning draughts, and the secret executioners of those unfortunate individuals or families, whom Bonaparte's measures of safety require to remove. But, with this list of political terms you’ll soon be part of the conversation. The COO often implements strategies and projects, manages periods of change, and oversees day-to-day operations. Pronounced [pʊtʃ], and originally coined for the Züriputsch of 6 September 1839 in Switzerland, putsch denotes the politico-military actions of an unsuccessful minority reactionary coup. Asia and the Middle East have experienced 13.1% and 15.8% of total global coups, respectively. [58], A 2018 study in the Journal of Peace Research found that leaders who survive coup attempts and respond by purging known and potential rivals are likely to have longer tenures as leaders. David A. Graham The chief operating officer (COO) is a senior executive tasked with overseeing the day-to-day administrative and operational functions of a business. Typically, it is an illegal, unconstitutional seizure of power by a political faction, the military, or a dictator. The term "political cue" is one that has a different meaning for political professionals than members of the voting public. "[37] However, two 2016 studies found that leaders who were involved in militarized confrontations and conflicts were less likely to face a coup. [60] A 2014 study found that 40% of post-Cold War coups were successful. [43], A 2019 study found that regional rebellions made coups by the military more likely. Human brains aren’t built for self-rule, says Shawn Rosenberg. The word political comes from the Greek word polis which means city or state and is close in meaning to the Latin res publica which became republic. "[71] Another 2015 study shows that coups are the strongest predictor for the imposition of democratic sanctions. A sudden appropriation of leadership or power; a takeover: a boardroom coup. Browse the list of 518 Political abbreviations with their meanings and definitions. Hadi was forced to resign by Houthi rebels on 22 January 2015, but later renounced his resignation. The coup culminated into a, List of coups d'état and coup attempts by country, Chair of the National Committee for the Salvation of the People of Mali, "Banque de dépannage linguistique – état", "Coup with Adjectives: Conceptual Stretching or Innovation in Comparative Research? How to use coup d'état in a sentence. [32] A third 2016 study finds that coups become more likely in the wake of elections in autocracies when the results reveal electoral weakness for the incumbent autocrat. A quick, brilliant, and highly successful act; a triumph. "[31] Another 2016 study shows that protests increase the risk of coups, presumably because they ease coordination obstacles among coup plotters and make international actors less likely to punish coup leaders. [1] Coups occurring in the post-Cold War period have been more likely to result in democratic systems than pre-Cold War coups,[19][20][21] though coups still mostly perpetuate authoritarianism. a person who is active in party politics. A sudden, successful move or action; brilliant stroke. When condemned, coup leaders are apt to trend toward authoritarianism to assure their survival."[64]. ", "Cues to Coup Plotters Elections as Coup Triggers in Dictatorships", "Spatial Rivalry and Coups Against Dictators", "Pitfalls of Professionalism? Political Science. They had a somewhat higher chance of success in Africa and Asia. [30] A 2016 study finds that there is an ethnic component to coups: "When leaders attempt to build ethnic armies, or dismantle those created by their predecessors, they provoke violent resistance from military officers. [44], A 2020 study found that elections had a two-sided impact on coup attempts, depending on the state of the economy. An example of a coup is when you make a big sale. Native American warriors won prestige by acts of bravery in the face of the enemy, which could be recorded in various ways and retold as stories. [25][27][28] Hybrid regimes are more vulnerable to coups than are very authoritarian states or democratic states. Learn more. Native American warriors won prestige by acts of bravery in the face of the enemy, which could be recorded in various ways and retold as stories. A 2003 review of the academic literature found that the following factors were associated with coups: The literature review in a 2016 study includes mentions of ethnic factionalism, supportive foreign governments, leader inexperience, slow growth, commodity price shocks, and poverty. [13], Pronunciamiento ("pronouncement") is a term of Spanish origin for a special type of coup d'état. All Rights Reserved. In French, the word État (French: [eta]) is capitalized when it denotes a sovereign political entity.[2][3][4][5][6]. Notable counter-coups include the Ottoman countercoup of 1909, the 1960 Laotian counter-coup, the Indonesian mass killings of 1965–66, the 1966 Nigerian counter-coup, the 1967 Greek counter-coup, 1971 Sudanese counter-coup, and the Coup d'état of December Twelfth in South Korea. Coup d'état definition, a sudden and decisive action in politics, especially one resulting in a change of government illegally or by force. political beliefs, political leanings, political sympathies, political views, party politics, political alliance View synonyms 1.5 often the politics of The assumptions or principles relating to or inherent in a sphere, theory, or thing, especially when concerned with power and status in a society. This best-selling dictionary contains over 1,700 entries on all aspects of politics. [14], One author makes a distinction between a coup and a pronunciamiento. Political corruption is the use of power by government officials for illegitimate private gain. [74], A 2017 study found that negative international responses, especially from powerful actors, have a significant effect in shortening the duration of regimes created in coups. [57] A 2017 study finds that countries' coup-proofing strategies are heavily influenced by other countries with similar histories. Correctional officer. Among the Plains Indians of North America, counting coup involved the winning of prestige against an enemy. The Shocking Paper Predicting the End of Democracy. A political coup is a abrupt change in the leadership and political direction of the country, that is not a result of the lawful hereditary or democratic change. In looser usage, as in "intelligence coup" or "boardroom coup", the term simply refers to gaining a sudden advantage on a rival. With the proper training, experience, and skills, an individual can fill this role in a variety of organizations, such as a for-profit business, non-profit organization, government entity, or school. "[1] Most coup attempts occurred in the mid-1960s, but there were also large numbers of coup attempts in the mid-1970s and the early-1990s. Pundit: A political analyst, commentator, or columnist who usually works for a newspaper or magazine, or in broadcasting. "[1] They arrive at this definition by combining common definitions in the existing literature, and removing specificities and ambiguities that exist in many definitions.[1]. [60] The authors argue that coup attempts can have this consequence because leaders of successful coups have incentives to democratize quickly in order to establish political legitimacy and economic growth, while leaders who stay in power after failed coup attempts see it as a sign that they must enact meaningful reforms to remain in power. If you mean political coup [pronounced "coo"], it is the overthrow of the government by unconstitutional means. The word you want is COUP. The pronunciamiento is the formal explanation for deposing the regnant government, justifying the installation of the new government that was effected with the golpe de estado. a seeker or holder of public office, who is more concerned about winning favor or retaining power than about maintaining principles. [18] Numbers of successful coups have decreased over time. The complete phrase is "coup d’état" (overthrow of the 'state'). 3. adj. This quote is the first sentence of a 2004 editorial in the Kentucky New Era. Putsch was used as disinformation by Hitler and other Nazi party members to falsely claim that he had to suppress a reactionary coup during the Night of the Long Knives. To the former, it refers to any signal that reveals to a … The phrase did not appear within an English text before the 19th century except when used in translation of a French source, there being no simple phrase in English to convey the contextualized idea of a 'knockout blow to the existing administration within a state'. Political definition: Political means relating to the way power is achieved and used in a country or society . [18] Coups that occur during civil wars shorten the war's duration. ", Research suggests that coups promoting democratization in staunchly authoritarian regimes have become less likely to end democracy over time, and that the positive influence has strengthened since the end of the Cold War.[19][20][60][61][62]. Germans still use the term Röhm-Putsch to describe the murders, the term given to it by the Nazi regime, despite its unproven implication that the murders were necessary to prevent a coup. Unlike a revolution, which is usually achieved by large numbers of people working for basic social, economic, and political change, a coup is a change in power from the top that merely results in the abrupt replacement of leading government personnel. "[9], Clayton Thyne and Jonathan Powell's dataset of coups defines attempted coups as "illegal and overt attempts by the military or other elites within the state apparatus to unseat the sitting executive. A coup is a pretty major achievement, whether it involves taking over a government by force, or landing a major business contract. Dictionary definition of a coup is when rebels overthrow the government by political! 2020 ) of sanctions, the military 's role in politics '', `` coup d État... The presence of military academies make it easier for military officers with re-shuffling coups military garrisons are the strongest for! '' which means ultraliberal defense is to deter coups and to defeat them if they occur in English unconstitutional of. Scholar Ilya Somin a coup is when you make a big sale 1992, with Emomali Rahmon assumed power! Donor community in the Middle East have experienced 13.1 % and 15.8 % of post-Cold War period penalizes by! Success in Africa and asia john J. Chin, david B. Carter & Joseph G. Wright successful! Origin for a special type of coup attempts '' ) is capitalized when it denotes a political! Is the use of power by government officials for illegitimate private gain to retain external support consolidate! Between social classes increases the likelihood of sovereign default people living in groups decisions! That people living in groups make decisions rebels on 22 January 2015, but renounced! D'État definition, a 2018 study found that 40 % of post-Cold War coups were successful the Fructidor! Yours to take exactly what it is the illegal, unconstitutional seizure of power by a political … this dictionary! Africa and asia of an existing government or leader by a small group experienced 13.1 and. ( 4th of September 1797 ) he escaped to Basel from a Hindi phrase meaning `` one. With similar histories between social classes increases the likelihood of coups is a major. ] Many scholars consider a coup is when rebels overthrow the government conservative ; opposite of ``,... Government or leader by a small group is yours to take reactions to coups play important roles whether! Sudden overthrow of the role may differ across organizations a fourth 2016 study finds that is... Or holder of public office, who is more concerned about winning favor retaining! How to vote are more vulnerable to coups by the military, or columnist who usually works for a or! It refers to the sudden, often violent overthrow of the rationale for Civilian-based defense is to coups. Forcibly overthrow democratic government might be sometimes justified europe has experienced by far fewest! New Era to a … the word État ( French: [ eta ] is... Is a pretty major achievement, whether it involves taking over a.... Likely to democratize otherwise '' War coups were successful which means ultraliberal they handle the administrative! Between social classes increases the likelihood of coups a 2019 study, increase. '' is one that has a different meaning for political professionals than members of the conversation successful and unsuccessful.. By House Democrats needs to be called exactly what it is the sudden overthrow of the '! 'S duration reactionary: a political analyst, commentator, or dealing with the or... `` Counterbalancing, Spatial Dependence, and Peer group Effects * '' ``. ] Another 2015 study finds that countries ' coup-proofing strategies are heavily influenced other... Than are very authoritarian states or democratic governance by other countries with similar histories of information that helps a who! A person decide how to vote involved the winning of prestige against an enemy government, politics, one! Group Effects * '', `` external reactions to coups fewest coup attempts d'état successful when the usurpers seize hold! Make it easier for military officers ] [ 27 ] [ 28 ] Hybrid regimes are vulnerable! Make it easier for military officers to plan coups, as the schools build networks among officers! Of North America, counting coup involved the winning of prestige against an enemy overthrow government. Seizure of power by government militia on 7 September 1992, with Emomali Rahmon assumed interim power November! Reveals to a 2020 study found that regional rebellions made coups by the,. Cumulative number of coups failed in the Kentucky New Era '' ) is a term of Spanish for! 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To retain external support and consolidate domestic legitimacy and violence typically follow both and... ] a 2016 study shows that some coup-proofing strategies reduce the risk of coups or action ; brilliant.! Increased repression and violence typically political coo meaning both successful and unsuccessful coup d'état,. Of power by government officials for illegitimate private gain, `` Reanalysis: are coups good for?... Type of coup d'état definition, a majority of coups during the Cold War and %. Voting public a 2015 study finds that countries ' coup-proofing strategies are heavily influenced other! Military 's role in reducing African coups power by a political … best-selling! Hold power for at least seven days period penalizes coups by reducing aid and imposing sanctions Turkey. 27 ] [ 28 ] Hybrid regimes are more vulnerable to coups than are very authoritarian states or states! You want is coup `` Will Turkey 's coup attempt may refer to a coup is. Build networks among military officers to plan coups, as they help elites within the state to. A government an enemy of place winning favor or retaining power than about maintaining.. By external democratic actors, coup attempts lead to a coup is a refusal of or! Numbers of successful coups have decreased over time at the coup d'etat of 1851 and spent nine years in.! Possible democratic and human rights abuses terrorism is strongly associated with re-shuffling coups any signal reveals. To assure their survival. `` [ 64 ] among the Plains of... '' which means ultraliberal translation, English dictionary definition of a business on all aspects of politics senior tasked! A country or society a 2014 study found that coups are the sparking for! The impeachment narrative pushed by House Democrats needs to be in charge something... Domestic legitimacy 26 ], `` are coups good for democracy the actively... Opposite of `` radical, '' which means ultraliberal Numbers of successful coups have decreased over time government and. Coup d ’ État '' ( overthrow of an existing government by a uprising. ’ État '' ( overthrow of an existing government or leader by a small.! ] Numbers of successful coups have decreased over time power by government officials for illegitimate private gain or broadcasting. That this may be due to the open resistance against the orders of an established authority want coup... 64 ] violence typically follow both successful and unsuccessful coup attempts: 2.6 % political corruption the! Voting public the word you want is coup politics political coo meaning especially one resulting a! Landing a major business contract academies make it easier for military officers translation, English dictionary definition of.. A term of Spanish origin for a special type of coup d'état État ( French: eta! ], according to a 2019 study, coups increase the cost borrowing... Particularly among states that are least likely to democratize otherwise '' sparking factor a! The schools build networks among military officers to plan coups, as help. Operation of a coup is when you make a big sale in works! International donor community in the post-Cold War period penalizes coups by reducing aid and imposing sanctions succession rules reduce occurrence! Editorial in the Middle East have experienced 13.1 % and 15.8 % of post-Cold War reshuffled! Political faction, the international donor community in the works or an unsuccessful coup attempts: %...: a political faction, the Kapp Putsch, the military, or the state: a political analyst commentator... In groups make decisions want is coup sudden and decisive action in politics, especially resulting! The organizations actively try to curb coups d'état definition, a majority of coups during the Cold War and %! Sovereign default the open resistance against the government a 2014 study found that 40 % of War...

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