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inclusive education policy in ghana

Besides the key personnel from the Ghana Education Service (circuit supervisors, district Inclusive Education coordinators, training officers, and deputy directors), head teachers and teachers that have been trained and numerous parents have been sensitized on their roles and responsibilities to support Inclusive Education. The Special Mothers Project, an advocacy and awareness creation programme on cerebral palsy has partnered with Afri-Educational plus, an education oriented organization in the United States to support Ghana’s Inclusive Education policy The purpose of this study was to examine teachers` attitudes in implementing Inclusive Education in primary and junior high secondary schools in two districts in Ghana (Bole and New Juaben). of formal education across the country, including access to free schooling, the inclusion of technical and vocational education, and improved teacher training. Under it, community sensitization programmes to educate parents to bring out their children for enrolment, and the right to choose the choice of schools for their children are guaranteed. This policy is the outcome of a series of discussions and consultations between numerous stakeholders in the education sector. In-Service Tutor Development in Support of Inclusive Education. Studies have revealed that teachers` attitudes toward students with disabilities are different, and these various differences/reasons are dependent on schools` practices of inclusion. Ghana’s Inclusive Education Policy provides a more harmonized and strategic approach to planning and financial prioritization in order to roll-out Inclusive Education activities on a wider scale and reach all learners with special educational needs. This policy is focused on the informal educational sector which … It has promoted and supported inclusive education practices in South Africa since 1995. To roll-out these activities, UNICEF, the Ghana Blind Union, and Inclusion Ghana commenced discussions with the Ghana Education Service, the Ministry of Education, and other stakeholders to develop a policy framework. The Inclusive Education Policy defines the strategic path of the government for the education of all children with special educational needs. Inclusive schools are the most effective means to combat discriminatory attitudes and to improve cost-effectiveness of the entire education system. The involvement of non-state actors such as the UNICEF, STAR-Ghana, Inclusion Ghana, Ghana Blind Union, the Ghana Federation of Disability Organisations, the Ghana National Education Campaign Coalition, and the World Education have been crucial to the development of the policy and they acknowledged and appreciated. 2.5.1 Introduction 35 . Ghana’s Inclusive Education (IE) Policy transcends the idea of physical location and incorporates basic values that promote participation, friendship, and interaction. Gender equality Education in crisis Inclusive education Early education Learning assessments Teaching quality Data systems. inclusive education systems, and in line with EU and international priorities , the Agency published the Agency Position on Inclusive Education Systems (European Agency, 2015). Removing barriers to participation in learning for all learners is at the core of inclusive education systems (UNESCO, 2005). As part of efforts to address challenges facing children with disabilities, the SPED of GES initiated the development of the Inclusive Education Policy and Minimum Standards and Guidelines. inclusive education is an approach that looks into how to transform education systems and other learning environments in order to respond to the diversity of learners. The contribution of state actors particularly the Ministry of Education, the Ghana Education Service, the Ministry of Health, the National Council for Persons with Disability and the Ministry of Gender, Children and Social protection are acknowledged. InclusIve educatIon PolIcy ImPlementatIon Plan2015 - 2019 Policy Objective 1: Improve and adapt education and related systems and structures to ensure the inclusion of all learners particularly learners with special educational needs STRATEGY ACTIONS/ ACTIVITIES INDICATORS EST. Social justice & cost-effectiveness Inclusive Education policy (White Paper 6) 35 . Ghana’s policy works well in a low-income context because it sensitizes parents, communities, and staff; trains teachers in early detection techniques; and sets up support services. Focusing on inclusive education can of formal education across the country, including access to free schooling, the inclusion of technical and vocational education, and improved teacher training. ... Inclusive Education Implementation Materials The Inclusive Education Policy defines the strategic path of the government for the education of all children with special educational needs. Basic education in Ghana consists of nine years of education from Primary one to the end of the three year Junior Secondary School. Ghana’s Policy on Inclusive Education: A tool for national development. The story of Kofi: “My class became a virtual sea of pictures.”, Innovative Practices on Employment and ICT 2021, Innovative Practices 2020 on Inclusive Education and ICT, Practicas Innovadoras 2020 Sobre Educacion Inclusiva, Innovative Practices 2019 on Independent Living, Innovative Practices 2018 on Accessibility, Innovative Policies 2021 on Inclusive Education and ICT, Innovative Policies 2020 on Inclusive Education and ICT, Políticas Innovadoras 2020 sobre Educación Inclusiva Y TIC, Innovative Policies 2019 on Independent Living, Innovative Policies 2018 on Accessibility, Life Stories from Innovative Policies and Practices, Inclusive Education rolled-out throughout Ghana, Mandatory minimum standards for education in emergencies, Transatlantic e-Accessibility standards cooperation, http://www.unicef.org/ghana/media_8503.html, Inclusive Education rolled out throughout Ghana (PDF), Inclusive Education rolled out throughout Ghana (barrier-free DOC), The story of Kofi: “My class became a virtual sea of pictures.”. Inclusive Education Policy In 2015, the Government of Ghana completed the development of an IE Policy together with the Inclusive Education Monitoring Tool (IEMT), Implementation Plan and the Standards/Guidelines. Policy implementation Basic education in Ghana consists of nine years of education from Primary one to the end of the three year Junior Secondary School. The implementation of the Inclusive Education Policy will surely help the country in its quest to provide education for all its children to equip them with the necessary knowledge and skills to take up the mantle of leadership when the time comes. News Ghana - Jun 5, 2016. Inclusive Education South Africa is a registered non-profit organization. Despite the development of [89] By. Policy implementation is assumed by its numerous agencies; the Ghana Education Service (GES) is responsible for the coordination of national education policy on pre-tertiary education. The policy further recognizes the varied learning needs of learners and requires all stakeholders to address the diverse needs of different groups of citizens in the Ghanaian education system. Focusing on inclusive education can Mr Auberon Jeleel ODOOM, Inclusion Ghana The problems of Inclusive education in Ghana have been noted to be around teacher attitudes and skills, resources and a gulf between policy initiation and implementation. As part of efforts to address challenges facing children with disabilities, the SPED of GES initiated the development of the Inclusive Education Policy and Minimum Standards and Guidelines. The Policy and its Development Process •Ghana’s IE Policy is a framework that contains a more harmonized and strategic approach to planning, implementing and monitoring IE activities on a wider scale to reach all learners with SEN in the country. COST (GH¢) TIME FRAME AGENCY RESPONSIBLE COLLABORATING INSTITUTIONS The purpose of this policy is to create an education system that is responsive to learner diversity and ensures that all learners are able to receive the best opportunities regardless of the their disability status. The conclusion shows that Ghana has initiated a policy to embark on the implementation and practice of inclusive education, that is, including disabled children in the regular schools. Ghana has successfully launched a national inclusive education (IE) policy framework to address the educational challenges encountered by children with special needs. involved in the training of teachers for the inclusive education pilot Ghana’s special and inclusive education system is limited project. Our approach ... Special and Inclusive Education Policy and Practice in Kenya, 1963 to 2016. The Ghana Education Trust Fund (GETFund) was established by an Act of Parliament in 2000, Act 581, to promote the development of education in the country. The Inclusive Education programme expanded from 29 districts in seven regions in 2011 to 216 districts in all 10 regions by 2016. Ensuring that #LearningNeverStops in the COVID-19 pandemic, Changing the future for girls in Krachie East through STEM, 400,000 children in Ghana not enrolled in pre-primary education - UNICEF, Improving the lives of children with special needs, THE CONVENTION ON THE RIGHTS OF THE CHILD. There are two main types of education practiced in Ghana, formal education and informal education. The authors argue that there is the need for a holistic review of the program to ground the policy within the education system of Ghana. Key policy drivers and priority interventions The key focal areas of education development in Ghana are contained in the Education Strategic Plan 2010–2020. 2.5.3 Resource utilization 36 . Ghana’s concept of inclusive education, however, is aligned with her FCUBE policy - increasing access, retention and participation of all students of school going age in education and not the movement and provision of education to children with disabilities in regular schools. Volume 1 of Ghana’s Education Strategic Plan 2010 – 2020 covers policies, strategies, delivery and finance. However, there are some challenges that affect the inclusion of disabled children in mainstream schools. The emphasis is on changing school culture and Beginning in the 1970s there was a new policy adopted for assuring the education of these young people. A school monitoring and evaluation tool was developed and is now part of the policy scale-up process. TRANSFERABILITY, SCALABILITY, AND COST-EFFICIENCY. the inclusion of children with disabilities in the mainstream school system. A Policy that stipulate that inclusive education for all children has already received approval from Mr Jacob Kor, the Director-General of the Ghana Education Service waiting for final approval from the Minister Professor Jane Naana Opoku Agyemang. Ghana’s Inclusive Education Policy of 2013 is a national legally-binding policy. Ignorance is..». The success of inclusive education depends largely on a country's commitment to adopting appropriate legislation, developing policies, and providing adequate funding for implementation. This is to make sure that all children of school going age have Basic Education. For a full copy of the Inclusive Education Policy,or if you have concerns related to learners with special educational needs, please contact: the Special Education Division (SpED) of the Ghana … Other countries of the Global South can easily decide to follow Ghana’s approach. POLITICS OF PUBLIC POLICY IMPLEMENTATION IN GHANA: A CASE STUDY OF THE GHANA EDUCATION TRUST FUND (GETFUND) BY. 2.5.6 Teachers’ attitudes towards inclusion 38 . inclusive education is an approach that looks into how to transform education systems and other learning environments in order to respond to the diversity of learners. 2.11 Conclusion 54 Highlights Despite overall increases in school participation over the past three decades, some groups of children continue to be left behind. Gender equality Education in crisis Inclusive education Early education Learning assessments Teaching quality Data systems. Inclusive education is a process of increasing the participation of all students in schools including those with disabilities. Education materials and assistive devices have been distributed to schools. Our perspective on gender equality is focused on ensuring that women and men, boys and girls are empowered to pursue their human rights and fundamental freedoms, and are valued as equal and active participants in the wellbeing of their households, workplaces, communities and societies. To promote a learner-friendly school environment, curricula and teacher training are reviewed and resources are provided. The forum was held under the theme: “The Implementation of Ghana’s Inclusive Education Policy: What is the progress so far”. This Policy Brief on Gender and Education was commissioned by STAR Ghana for their Gender and Social Inclusion (GESI) programming. This is to make sure that all children of school going age have Basic Education. The USAID (through terms of growth in SPEDC and observed outcomes corresponding Education Quality for All [EQUALL] project) is the main partner to ESP 2003–2015 goals for special and inclusive education. This includes the use of different methods of respond to children’s needs, capacities and rates of development. Efua Esaaba Mantey, Accessibility to inclusive education for children with disabilities, 2014: http://bit.ly/1ioOE5I, Nominated by: Auberon Jeleel ODOOM, Inclusion Ghana, Inclusive Education rolled out throughout Ghana (PDF) The Policy is a national document which is clear cut and comprehensive to give guidance to Inclusive Education implementation in Ghana. Addressing the lack of data, UNICEF recently conducted an impact assessment, soon to be published. Conclusion: To promote inclusive education in Zambia, it is vital that students with and without disabilities have on-going chances to interact with, and learn from, each other. This policy builds upon sections in the 1992 Constitution, the National Development Agenda, the Education Strategic Plan and International Commitments to achieve national as well as international goals for creating an environment for addressing the diverse educational needs of Ghanaians. It was decided to integrate them in ordinary schools, to “mainstream” them in subjects where they were able to follow the subjects and then to add special education classes to respond to their added needs. The policy is complemented by a comprehensive five-year implementation plan (2015–2019) that includes indicators, a timeframe, a budget, and responsible stakeholders for each action to be undertaken. aarthur@unicef.org Although the influence of international organizations and policies was not obvious in Ghana's special education before the Salamanca Statement of 1994 (UNESCO, 1994), the same cannot be said about the country's special education policies after the Salamanca call to give priority to inclusive education. jeleel@inclusion-ghana.org 2.5.5 The role of stakeholders 37 . Policy Initiatives To guide the practice of inclusive education in the country, the Ghana Government recently developed a policy to guide its operation (Ministry of Education, 2015). Our approach Inclusive early childhood education (IECE) represents a key policy and practice implementation that facilitates the education and socialisation of all children with and without disability and special educational needs in Ghana. This is the only way that stereotypes and ill-informed misconceptions about disabilities can be Ghana’s Inclusive Education Policy provides a more harmonized and strategic approach to planning and financial prioritization in order to roll-out Inclusive Education activities on a wider scale and reach all learners with special educational needs. This Policy has been developed by the Government of Ghana - Ministry of Education, supported by UNICEF, STAR Ghana and Ghana Blind Union. 2.5.2 Professional support 35 . Both private and public schools in Ghana must implement Inclusive Education and cannot deny admission. Inclusive Education - Standards and Guidelines Putting Inclusive Education into practice in Ghana UNICEF/UN578611/QUARMYNE. Removing barriers to participation in learning for all learners is at the core of inclusive education systems (UNESCO, 2005). 2.10 Implementation of Inclusive Education in selected countries . The forum was held under the theme: “The Implementation of Ghana’s Inclusive Education Policy: What is the progress so far”. It shares this task with three autonomous bodies: the National Inspectorate Board (NIB), the National Teaching Council (NTC) and the National Council for Curriculum and Assessment (NCCA). Gender equality and social inclusion are, therefore, at the heart of the STAR Ghana Foundation. The development of inclusive education in Ghana has been recognized as the process for orchestrating educational quality and equity for students with disabilities. Inclusive Education in Ghana An Analysis of Policies and the Practices in One Mainstream School and One Inclusive School in the Greater Accra Region Ida Marie Brandt Pekeberg Master thesis M.Phil. In the area of education, Enabling Education Network (EENET) was created to promote the inclusion of the marginalized The involvement of non-state actors such as the UNICEF, STAR-Ghana, Inclusion Ghana, Ghana Blind Union, the Ghana Federation of Disability Organisations, the Ghana National Education Campaign Coalition, and the World Education have been crucial to the development of the policy and they acknowledged and appreciated. The implementation plan provides for the expected deliverables, including indicators, budget, timeframe, actors, and collaborating ministries or agencies. Mr Anthony BOATENG, Ghana Education Service In 2013, the Ghana Ministry of Education in collaboration with other stakeholders announced the Inclusive Education Policy. 2.5.4 Human, material and physical support 36 . The Strategic Studies have revealed that teachers` attitudes toward students with disabilities are different, and these various differences/reasons are dependent on schools` practices of inclusion. Ghana has successfully launched a national inclusive education policy framework to address the educational challenges encountered by children with special needs. of the world 49 . Inclusive Education has been or is being adopted by most members of the United Nations. Inclusive Education Policy and Practice in Ghana. Key personnel from the Ghana Education Service as well as head teachers and teachers in 1,322 basic schools have been trained in Inclusive Education. To adapt the existing education system, special schools are transformed to serve as resource centres, school infrastructure is improved, and funding is provided. The education ... (ii) Sub-theme 2. The responsibilities of ministries are clearly defined and the government is the principal funder. Volume 1 of Ghana’s Education Strategic Plan 2010 – 2020 covers policies, strategies, delivery and finance. It is about restructuring the cultures, policies and practices in schools so that they respond to the diversity of students in their locality. Staff, community, and media are also sensitized. «Inclusive Education is not a tragedy. 41 a significant barrier to the effective implementation of inclusive education in 42 South Africa. Despite an overall increase in school enrolment in Ghana, some children continued to be left behind, particularly children with disabilities, who went either to segregated boarding schools or were not enrolled at all. From these discussions there emerged a new concept of integration called inclusive education or inclusive schools. All institutions have to include Inclusive Education issues in their planning documents, which are reviewed annually. List of educational policies in Ghana Development of vocational and technical education. The education offered at this level, ... Inclusive Education: Public Policies - FCUBE - Free Compulsory Universal Basic Education. In Ghana, we have had about six initiatives/models of implementation of Inclusive Education. Inclusive early childhood education (IECE) represents a key policy and practice implementation that facilitates the education and socialisation of all children with and without disability and special educational needs in Ghana. In the majority of cases, children simply need good, clear and accessible teaching. A 2014 doctoral thesis noted that there is evidence of acceptance of children with disabilities into mainstream schools in Ghana, but that a number of challenges remain. INCLUSIVE EDUCATION POLICY MINISTRY OF EDUCATION. Social Policy and Social Spending in Zimbabwe: 1980 to 2015; Social Policy and the Quest for Inclusive Development: Research Findings from Sub-Saharan Africa; The Human Rights-Based Approach to Social Protection (Issue Brief 2) The Riddle of Distance Education: Promise, … Another initiative taken by the Government of Ghana was to pass a disability law (Act 715), which made provisions for inclusive education (Republic of Ghana, 2006). Before implementing Inclusive Education on a national scale, Ghana first piloted the policy and learned what works and what does not work. The brief is to support STAR-Ghana to address GP GESI constraints and serve as reference material for GPs and other stakeholders seeking to strengthen their GESI engagement through targeted advocacy. Monitoring and evaluation is undertaken at all levels: All annually reviewed planning documents of educational institutions have to include Inclusive Education issues, including an Education Management Information System. Before the arrival of European settlers, who introduced a formal education system addressed to the elites, education in Ghana was mainly informal and based on apprenticeship.Pre-Independent Ghana was known as the Gold Coast. Inclusive Education Policy Implementation in Swaziland. The Inclusive Education Policy recognises the varied learning needs of learners and requires all stakeholders in the education sector to address the diverse needs of different groups of citizens in the Ghanaian education system under the universal design for learning and within a learner friendly environment for all children. Key policy drivers and priority interventions The key focal areas of education development in Ghana are contained in the Education Strategic Plan 2010–2020. The policy will be reviewed every five years. 2.9 Implementation of the Inclusive Education policy (White Paper 6) in selected provinces of the country (South Africa) 44 . Key amongst other policies developed under the custodianship of the Ministry of Education/GES, which complements and creates enabling environment for effective education service delivery is the Inclusive Education Policy Framework, which provides opportunities for learners to access quality education. This involves qualified personnel (administrators), community involvement and support, and a political will from the government. The involvement of non-state actors was key to the policy’s adoption, along with an accompanying implementation plan. Inclusive Education: Public Policies - FCUBE - Free Compulsory Universal Basic Education. A learner with autism supported by a caregiver, participating in mainstream school. The purpose of this study was to examine teachers` attitudes in implementing Inclusive Education in primary and junior high secondary schools in two districts in Ghana (Bole and New Juaben). inclusive society is dependent on how well social services are planned, prepared and supported. The Strategic This policy builds upon sections in the 1992 Constitution, the National Development Agenda, the Education Strategic Plan and International Commitments to achieve national as well as international goals for creating an environment for addressing the diverse educational needs of Ghanaians. Sensitization & training It presents the essential features of inclusive education systems and recognis es the need to take action to make inclusive education a reality for all learners. 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