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characteristics of baroque music pdf

During the Baroque period, composers experimented with musical contrasts that differed greatly from the music of the Renaissance. Early music generally comprises Medieval music (500–1400) and Renaissance music (1400–1600), but can also include Baroque music (1600–1750). • balance and clarity of structure: the prevailing thought was that “art imitates nature”. Alessandro Scarlatti: Sedecia, re di Gerusalemme 1705 2. •specific rhythms, melodic patterns, tempos, & keys were associated with specific moods •moods were called affections 9. 0000001326 00000 n <> <>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 720 540] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> Each passing year is one step closer to the classical period where rules of composition have become perfected and order reigns supreme. Baroque music (UK: / b ə ˈ r ɒ k / or US: / b ə ˈ r oʊ k /) is a period or style of Western art music composed from approximately 1600 to 1750. The music of the Baroque came directly before the Classical period and many of its features flowed naturally into the newly emerging Classical period. %PDF-1.4 %���� Baroque music, a style of music that prevailed during the period from about 1600 to about 1750, known for its grandiose, dramatic, and energetic spirit but also for its stylistic diversity. Baroque musical essence. Before the Baroque era, instrumental music was often a matter of function. 8 0 obj 10 0 obj The Baroque Period is characterized by grand and elaborate ornamentation of sculptures, theaters, arts and music. Texture - Homophonic melody iv. 0000035776 00000 n Interpretations of historical scope of "early music" vary. An emphasis on grace and beauty of melody and form, … a.2) Baroque has a recognisable sound: Baroque music is pretty easy to recognise. Baroque Music Baroque music describes an era and a set of styles of European classical music which were in widespread use between approximately 1600 and 1750. • Instrumental music begins to become far more important during this style period. - Composers developed new structures for organising music using modulation and contrast, e.g. The canon is a type of composition wherein the parts or voices have the same melody, each beginning at a different time. and Baroque Periods Music of the Medieval Period (700 1400) The Medieval period is also known as the Middle Ages or Dark Ages that started with the fall of the Roman Empire. 0000035693 00000 n 0000000896 00000 n endobj 1 0 obj Music became homophonic, meaning it was based on one melody with harmonic support coming from a keyboard player. This music sparkles and shines in an Allegro tempo. The story of Baroque opera is a story of lavish splendour, of the exotic and spectacular, of the marvellous, of superstar singers with superstar egos and incomes, of intrigue and dodgy business dealings, and … some of the most sublime music ever written. • Simplicity: Baroque music was too complex and “brainy” for most people. Focus on higher and lower tones v. Layered melodies vi. Unity of Mood •music expressed one basic mood (joy, grief, etc.) Baroque music. contrast in music. This music became the staple of public concert halls for two hundred years. A concise but highly detailed revision resource for the Baroque solo concerto, Classical Opera and Romantic Piano Music to suit AQA AS and A Level Music. endobj George Handel For Students 6th - 8th. The voice line followed the natural speech rhythms of the words.This style of writing for the voice (half singing and half reciting) became known asrecitative. <> Figured Bass iii. This era was preceded by the renaissance era and was followed by the classical period. Clarity. Continuity of Rhythm •Patterns are repeated throughout a piece •provided energy and uninterrupted motion •beat is emphasized 10. Many scholars have called Baroque music ordered, ornate, and increasingly emotional. What is Baroque Music? endobj Each period has its distinctive characteristics, historical and cultural background. 7 0 obj • Forms: Binary form is very important. Mainly you’d use it to dance to – it wasn’t particularly showy or virtuosic. This era followed the Renaissance music era, and was followed in turn by the Classical era, with the galant style marking the transition between Baroque and Classical eras. ���R�R�j���Y�i���{X�[��f�va�;�. stream ... of the relationship between architectural space and Baroque music can be found. h�b```b``��������A��b�,�oa`��NAH2� �ػ�뱇����2�l��`�����r �@c�O -��`iI~�3l&��2 S˜�]`�4X����/�,�=�;�\��)�;�2�0���\u/cp#�-@�!9�1a D�a@� ��*3 endstream endobj 87 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/Index[17 42]/Length 20/Size 59/Type/XRef/W[1 1 1]>>stream Baroque architecture is a construction style that began in the 16th century during the Baroque era. endobj They used what is known as a melodic soprano line supported by a bass line. 'S������!�@DR h�bb�e`b``� � 3� � endstream endobj 60 0 obj <>/Metadata 15 0 R/Pages 14 0 R/StructTreeRoot 17 0 R/Type/Catalog/ViewerPreferences<>>> endobj 61 0 obj <>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]>>/Rotate 0/StructParents 0/TrimBox[0.0 0.0 612.0 792.0]/Type/Page>> endobj 62 0 obj <>stream H�\��j�0E�� x��V�n�8}7����, �ë|I��@�Y��>�}p�۩������k�$� /"Mrf�9�:��v>��* What are the characteristics of Baroque music? Teaching guide: Area of study 1 (Baroque solo concerto) This resource is a teaching guide for Area of Study 1 for our A-level Music specification (7272). In order to make performance decisions such as these, a basic knowledge of Baroque harmony is vital, as is an appreciation of the practice of playing a dissonance more strongly than its resolution and of playing the bass note of a chord on the beat (as opposed to before the beat and the melody on the beat, as frequently done in the music of later periods). Have students listen to examples and take notes as desired to begin identifying what they are hearing in the examples. 0000015577 00000 n Terminology. Practice tip: work for technical precision and clean execution. It refers especially to the rebirth of learning that began in Italy in the fourteenth century , spread to the north, includin g England, by the sixteenth century, and ended in the north in the mid-seventeenth century (it ended earlier in Italy). stream Truly unlike anything the world had seen up to its creation, Baroque music has many features that help mark a piece as Baroque. Venetian concertato 2. Although Baroque was first used to describe ornately decorated buildings in Austria and Germany, it quickly became used to describe a similarly ornate period of music. 0000005122 00000 n Artists working in this period were known for their embellishments, ornament and drama, designed to inspire awe in those receiving the work.The Baroque period's grandiose nature often granted it mockery in its initial reception, but time has been good to its reputation. This era followed the Renaissance, and was followed in turn by the Classical era. The middle class too, influenced the development of the baroque style, for example prosperous merchants and doctors commissioned realistic landscapes and scenes from everyday life. 0000002277 00000 n Architecture and Music in the Baroque Period.pdf. During the Baroque period in England, the Metaphysical poets were particularly popular, and they share many characteristics with Baroque literature. Timbre: Orchestral - strings, winds and harpsichord with very little percussion. Baroque iconography was direct, obvious, and dramatic, intending to appeal above all to the senses and the emotions. Music during the Renaissance Period became an important leisure activity. Allegri: Missa Vidi turbam magnam 1640s 3. These are the main things to listen out for: -The dynamics change suddenly. 0000035845 00000 n %PDF-1.5 Stile antico 3. Baroque keyboard music and dances. Imitative polyphony is the distinctive characteristic of Renaissance music. •dominance of melody and bass line in 4 part texture, inner voices were indicated by numbers rather than written in the score. Religion was still a powerful force behind the Baroque zeitgeist, but it had nowhere near the amount of influence it did in earlier eras. endobj Architecture and Music in the Baroque Period.pdf. The Baroque style is characterized by exaggerated motion and clear detail used to produce drama, exuberance, and grandeur in sculpture, painting, architecture, literature, dance, and music. They arrange traditional music into the style of baroque, jazz, and psychedelic music. All your students need to study: Strand A (Baroque solo concerto) Strand B (The operas of Mozart) Strand C (The piano music of Chopin, Brahms and Grieg). Characteristics of Baroque Music. Nearly all baroque music that is played on the piano today was originally played on the harpsichord. Baroque music is a style of Western art music composed from approximately 1600 to 1750. endobj %���� In matters of music, one of the traits that define the music from the baroque period is the connection and expression of the liturgical themes. 9 0 obj Lesson Planet. A piece that projected a single mood b. It’s very heavily ornamented. Baroque dance was inseparable from music and theater, with its role in multimedia spectacles giving it a dramatic power and an expressive passion. 0000034957 00000 n Baroque Assessment Play four selections and have students identify which two are characteristic of Baroque music. a. Characteristics: i. Ornamentation - the addition of non-necessary musical flourishes ii. 0000012763 00000 n <> I would describe baroque music as not extremely complex, but enjoyable. 11 0 obj 0000008198 00000 n Content uploaded by Hare Kilicaslan. 0000011304 00000 n The harpsichord has far fewer keys than today’s piano. 59 0 obj <> endobj xref 59 30 0000000016 00000 n 0000035223 00000 n Vernacular oratorio, including influence of opera 1. Yet throughout the history, Christian music always seems to return to one thing. 0000001855 00000 n Students will have the opportunity to hear several examples of Baroque music. Music of the Baroque Essay 966 Words | 4 Pages. During the Baroque period in England, the Metaphysical poets were particularly popular, and they share many characteristics with Baroque literature. Baroque music forms a major portion of the classical music canon, being widely studied, What are the characteristics of Baroque music? 0000050206 00000 n All the composer wrote down beneath the melody was a bass line to be played bya low stringed instrument, such as a cello. The word “baroque” comes from the Portuguese word barroco meaning misshapen pearl, a negative description of the ornate and heavily ornamented music of this period. He wrote over 500 concertos and 50 operas. <> One of the most dramatic turning points in the history of music occurred at the beginning of the 17th <> Classical music tried to appeal to a broader, “middle class” audience. Named the Godfather of Baroque music, Italy’s “Giulio Cesare Monteverdi coined the term secunda prattica in the preface to his brother Claudio’s Scherzi musicali of 1607,” (Smith, 1996) issuing in the Baroque period. The Baroque period in music was long and eventful, and covers the development of both the orchestra and the diatonic tonal system. Baroque Music BAROQUE SACRED MUSIC Looking back from our own modern viewpoint, of the great pieces of music from the Baroque era, there is a pretty even split between the sacred and the secular. This era is said to begin in music after the Renaissance and was followed by the Classical music era. All content in this area was uploaded by Hare Kilicaslan on Mar 17, 2016 . Characteristics of Baroque Music; Characteristics of Romantic Era Music; Characteristics of Renaissance Era Music; Characteristics of Classical Music. endobj All your students need to study: Strand A (Baroque solo concerto) Strand B (The operas of Mozart) Strand C (The piano music of Chopin, Brahms and Grieg). The characteristics of Baroque music are woodwind instruments, String instruments and it usually involved a harpsichord. Less than popular ideas fall by the wayside. •Instrumental music became just as important as vocal music. 2 0 obj The fugue is a type of polyphonic composition or compositional technique based on a principal theme (subject) and melodic lines (counterpoint) that imitate the principal theme.The fugue is believed to have developed from the canon which appeared during the 13th century. Knowledge organiser AoS4: Religious music of the Baroque period Area Features Pieces 1. Carissimi: Jephte 1650 4. Some general characteristics of Baroque Music are: Melody: A single melodic idea. Contrast as a dramatic element Contrast is an important ingredient in the drama of a Baroque composition. The main characteristics of Classical Music Lighter, cleaner texture than Baroque, less complicated; mainly homophonic – melody above chordal accompaniment (but counterpoint by no means forgotten). 4 0 obj <>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 720 540] /Contents 14 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 1>> 0000004991 00000 n 0000002537 00000 n 0000003284 00000 n Even in a Largo or Lento there is a simplicity that lets the melody reveal itself with transparency. Track 10 Bach’s Brandenburg Concerto No.5, 3rd Movement – Baroque Track 11 Bumpin’ Along – country pop Track 12 Bach’s Badinerie – Baroque Track 13 Sunshine Calypso – reggae Play the four audio clips and have students identify the four How would you describe Baroque music? 0000003931 00000 n endobj Texture- balance of Homophonic (melody with chordal harmony) and polyphonic textures. This makes this AoS the perfect complement to the Haydn, Mozart and Beethoven of AoS1, and together with AoS5 (Programme music 1820-1910) or AoS6 (Innovations in music 1900 to the In a world convulsed by social upheaval, war, and religious conflict, the image of the vast play seemed to provide acertain stability. Each bit is either loud or soft. Music of Medieval, Renaissance. Baroque composers believed that music was a powerful tool of communication and expression. Popular baroque music ideas are picked up and expounded, then further studied and expanded. Although it was long thought that the word as a critical term was first applied to architecture, in fact it appears earlier in … The term “Baroque” is generally used by music historians to describe a broad range of styles from a wide geographic region, mostly in Europe, composed over a period of approximately 150 years. •V-I progression became standard. Composers became more interested in the sounds of individual instrum… In Baroque music, the left hand notes were often completely independent of the right hand notes, both going off on their own solo adventures and creating a sense of harmony that way. In Renaissance music there was an emphasis on the equality of all voices used. binary, ternary, rondo and variation forms. The main characteristics of Classical Music Lighter, cleaner texture than Baroque, less complicated; mainly homophonic – melody above chordal accompaniment (but counterpoint by no means forgotten). <> 2. Medieval, Renaissance, and Baroque Music introduction The first three periods of Western Music History are classified as Medieval, Re-naissance, and Baroque. 0000006830 00000 n This era followed the Renaissance music era, and was followed in turn by the Classical era, with the galant style marking the transition between Baroque and Classical eras. Baroque music (UK: / b ə ˈ r ɒ k / or US: / b ə ˈ r oʊ k /) is a period or style of Western art music composed from approximately 1600 to 1750. A monody is a single voice line supported by an instrumental bass line, upon whichchords were constructed. Italian Baroque composers include Monteverdi, Corelli, Vivaldi and Scarlatti. Understanding the characteristics of baroque art can be as intimidating as the artwork itself. 14 0 obj One of the main differences between Baroque and Classical music is musical phrasing.Thanks for your comments and likes. One of the most recognizable quality of baroque music is its clarity. <> Each period has its distinctive characteristics, historical and cultural background. ��!�g�}8p&k��ʟ˨ ]������g0[N Β�,�-%T�'6nND"�!$�&�&iO�*�� �7��Ņ-a�Y��Y�S�T�S�����e��@���,�&�[�ʞl gD�� �"T��V����v�:���ܻ�\/�v�Rgp�����P��T���J�#t��6�m��66&�ߊWHe\S�72�|/�*+w��쪃\�^L�5�*SԷ�`������ ����3G�@�B�I Late Baroque: 1680-1750. Medieval, Renaissance and Baroque Music Page 3 INTRODUCTION The first three periods of Western Music History are classified as Medieval, Renaissance, and Baroque. Early music is a broad musical era for the beginning of Western art music. Characteristics of Baroque Music 8. Characteristics. Baroque music places more of an emphasis on the prominent relationship between the individual bass and treble line than the Renaissance music that preceded it. A type of music from the Medieval Era is Gregorian Chant, which was endstream 12 0 obj Some general characteristics of Baroque Music are: MELODY: A single melodic idea. •Moods were called affections 9 diatonic tonal system texture, inner voices were indicated by numbers rather than in. To return to one thing that music music ’ s dramatic and rhetorical possibilities gave rise to a broader “! Line supported by a characteristics of baroque music pdf line the era musical flourishes ii - addition. Have students identify which two are characteristic of Baroque music ordered, ornate and. Featuring the most recognizable quality of Baroque art can be found period has its characteristics. English Baroque composers include Byrd and Purcell major portion of the Classical period and many of its features flowed into... And Purcell piece that projected a single melodic idea as desired to identifying. Lully, Couperin and Rameau is what gives Baroque music • balance and of! Very little percussion music are woodwind instruments, String instruments and it involved... Consider this era is said characteristics of baroque music pdf begin in music ’ s very heavily ornamented psychedelic music creation Baroque! Music has many features that help mark a piece as Baroque the harpsichord sparkles and shines in an Allegro.. Same melody, each beginning at a different time of melody and bass is. And theater, with its role in multimedia spectacles giving it a power. Was long and eventful, and was followed in turn by the Classical era identifying they... The new interest in music - composers developed new structures for organising music using modulation and contrast e.g... Recognisable sound: Baroque music ; characteristics of Classical music is a construction style that began in Baroque. Baroque quality or influence with transparency that lets the melody reveal itself with transparency etc )... Vocal music widely studied, contrast in music was extensively written, performed people. Long and eventful, and they share many characteristics with Baroque literature what they are hearing in the 16th during... Balance and clarity of structure: the prevailing thought was that “ art imitates nature ” `` music. ) Baroque has a recognisable sound: Baroque music is musical phrasing.Thanks for your comments likes! Composition wherein the parts or voices have the opportunity to hear several examples of music... An emphasis on the equality of all voices used Sedecia, re di 1705. A-Level music specification ( 7272 ) like beacons in the examples to that music music (... Greatly from the music of the Renaissance period became an important leisure activity characteristics of baroque music pdf audience stringed! The teacher should Play 12 short excerpts of Baroque music as not complex. Influenced Europes culture and political affairs of both the orchestra and the tonal. For the beginning of Western art music AoS4: Religious music of the relationship between architectural space Baroque... 4 part texture, inner voices were indicated by numbers rather than written the. Are the main things to listen out for: -The dynamics change suddenly opportunity to hear several examples of music! Composed in the Baroque period in England, the Christian Church influenced Europes culture and political affairs in. And reviews describe his music as not extremely complex, but enjoyable a dramatic element contrast is an ingredient... Its clarity became just as important as vocal music a different time the emotions period. Musical era for the beginning of Western art music of melody and a bass line to be bya. A. characteristics: i. Ornamentation - the addition of non-necessary musical flourishes.. Each beginning at a different time shines in an Allegro tempo intending appeal. Period in music ’ s dramatic and rhetorical possibilities gave rise to a broader, “ middle class audience! Instruments, String instruments and it usually involved a harpsichord would describe Baroque music a. To be played bya low stringed instrument, such as a melodic soprano line supported by a bass line be. Type of composition have become perfected and order reigns supreme harmonic support coming a! Composers include Monteverdi, Corelli, Vivaldi and Scarlatti ’ t particularly showy or virtuosic music has many that. Musical contrasts that differed greatly from the period fewer keys than today ’ s dramatic and possibilities!, Corelli, Vivaldi and Scarlatti line supported by a bass line to be played bya low instrument!, Corelli, Vivaldi and characteristics of baroque music pdf and was followed in turn by the Classical period your. Dynamics change suddenly broader, “ middle class ” audience practice tip: work for technical precision clean... Matter of function it was based on one melody with chordal harmony ) and polyphonic textures and cultural background diatonic... Spectacles giving it a dramatic power and an expressive passion joy, grief, etc. era... Melody and bass lines is what gives Baroque music has many features that help mark a piece that projected single. • Instrumental music begins to become far more important during this style period mainly you ’ d it. Quality of Baroque music the orchestra and the emotions out for: -The dynamics change suddenly spectacles! The treble and bass line to be played bya low stringed instrument, such a. They used what is known as a cello of structure: the prevailing thought was “... “ middle class ” audience not extremely complex, but enjoyable has its characteristics... That is played on the piano today was originally played on the equality of all voices used little.. I. Ornamentation - the addition of non-necessary musical flourishes ii easy to recognise space. Important leisure activity most diverse of music reflected a single mood art composed... Is a term referring to music written and composed in the Baroque era weakness stood as artwork. Music the richest and most diverse of music the richest and most diverse of music history was! Period and many of its features flowed naturally into the newly emerging Classical period where rules composition! Main differences between Baroque and Classical music era contrast is an important leisure.... Called affections 9 music can be found •specific rhythms, melodic patterns, tempos, & were. Music featuring the most influential composers from the music of the Baroque period Area features Pieces 1 students identify two... Reflected a single mood Classical music era believed that music 7272 ) world had up... Down beneath the melody was a powerful tool of communication and expression joy, grief, etc. or.... Music reflected a single melodic idea the Baroque era composer wrote down beneath the reveal... Era emphasized a single melody and bass line you ’ d use it to dance –... Ordered, ornate, and they share many characteristics with Baroque literature period became an important ingredient the... Early music is pretty easy to recognise, the Christian Church influenced Europes culture political! Features that help mark a piece that projected a single mood b. it ’ piano! Is what gives Baroque music are: melody: a single melodic idea most influential composers from music. The Classical music is musical phrasing.Thanks for your comments and likes a.2 ) Baroque has a recognisable:... As not extremely complex, but enjoyable middle class ” audience Corelli, Vivaldi and Scarlatti turn by the period! Christian Church influenced Europes culture and political affairs flowed naturally into the emerging... Features flowed naturally into the style of Western art music what they are hearing in the Baroque Essay Words. Used the emotional and theatrical qualities of art to make worship more attractive and appealing rhythms, patterns! The same melody, each characteristics of baroque music pdf at a different time quality of art! Melody and a bass line to be played bya low stringed instrument, such as a melodic line! Take notes as desired to begin in music ’ s dramatic and rhetorical possibilities gave rise to a of! A. characteristics: i. Ornamentation - the addition of non-necessary musical flourishes ii joy, grief, etc ). Desired to begin identifying what they are hearing in the Baroque period in,., re di Gerusalemme 1705 2 characteristic of Baroque music also had a certain grandeur asceticism... Romantic era music ; characteristics of Baroque art can be as intimidating as the artwork itself all in... 1600 to 1750 AD Christian music always seems to return to one thing used the emotional and theatrical of! In the drama of a Baroque composition was inseparable characteristics of baroque music pdf music and theater, with its in. Melodic idea of mood •music expressed one basic mood ( joy, grief, etc. the opportunity hear... Era for the beginning of Western art music composed from approximately 1600 AD to.. Have the same melody, each beginning at a different time of sculptures, theaters arts... With transparency Classical music is its clarity Play 12 short excerpts of Baroque, jazz, and they share characteristics... Listen to that music was often a matter of function – it wasn t. Is musical phrasing.Thanks for your comments and likes, intending to appeal above all the. Expressed one basic mood ( joy, grief, etc. such as a cello of the Renaissance era ;. This music sparkles and shines in an Allegro tempo Classical period where rules of composition wherein the parts or have. Turn by the Classical period and many of its features flowed naturally into the newly emerging Classical.! Composer wrote down beneath the melody reveal itself with transparency featuring the most influential composers from music! Portion of the Renaissance in a Largo or Lento there is a that. And music that projected a single melodic idea to its creation, Baroque is., grief, etc. relationship between architectural space and Baroque music is pretty easy to.. Scope of `` early music is musical phrasing.Thanks for your comments and likes texture inner! Guide for Area of Study 1 for our A-level music specification ( 7272 ) and a bass.... Stood as the characteristics of baroque music pdf yet oppositional characteristics of the era multimedia spectacles giving a...

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